QS. 1-15: Read the following passage carelirlty and answer the quustioars given below it. certain words are given in hold in the passage to help you locale time a while answeritrg some of the Questiotis.
Though the Cold War has ended, slective tactics are still continuing for ensuring the military and eco- nomic dominance of developect countries. Various types of tectutology denial regimes are still being enforced which are now being mainly targeted against developing countries like India.
Today, we in India encounter twin problems. On one side there is a large scale strengthening of our neighbours through supply of arms and clandestine support to their nuclear and missile programmes and on the other side all efforts are being made to weaken our indigenous technology growth through control regimes and dumping at low-tech systems, accompanied with high commercial pitch in critical areas. Growth of indigenous technology and self-reliance are the only answer to the problem.
Thus in the ensironment around India, the number of missiles and nuclear powers are continuously increasing and destructive weapons continue to pile up around us, in spite of arms reduction treaties. To understand the implications of various types of warfare that ntay affect us, we need to take a quick look at the evolution of war weaponry and Llte types of warfare. l am highlighting this point for the reason that in less than a century we could see change in the nature of warfare and its effects on society.
In early years of human history it was mostly direct human warfare. During the twentieth century upto about 1990. the warfare was weapon driven. The weapons used were guns, tanks, aircraft, ships, sub-marines and the nuclear weapons deployed on land/sea/air and also recmtnaissance spacecraft. Pro- lileration of conventional nuclear and biological weapons was at a peak owing to the competition between the superpowers.
The next phase. in a new form, has just started from liwtt onwards. The world has graduated irtto ecortoniic warfare. The means used is control of market forces through high technology. The participating nations, apart from the USA. are Japan. the UK, France, Germany. certain South-East Asian countries and a few others. The driving force is the generation of wealth with certain types of economic doctrine
The urgent issue we need to address collectively as a nation is, how do we handle the tactics of econo-mic and military dominance in this new form coming from the backdoor? Today technology is the main
driver of eoonomic development at the national level.
Therefore, we have to develop indigenous technologies to enhance our competitive edge and to generate national wealth in all segments ol economy. Therefore. the neetl ol` the hour is arm Indio with technology.
1.why do certain countries use selective tactics against developing countries?
1) To help developing countries gain military and economic independence
2)To help developing countries govern diem- selves and be economically independent
3)To ally with developing countries fu dominate over other developed countries
4) To curtail their domination over developing countries
5) None of these
2. which are the issues of great concern that India is Facing at present, according to the author of the passage?
A) The supply of high-tech weaponry by other countries to lndia’s neighbours who are likely to use the same against India.
B) Other countries secretly helping lrtdia’s neighbours to strengthen their nuclear might,
C) Obstruction of India’s genuine efforts to develop its own nuclear teduiology.
1) A and B
2. B and C only
3 A and C only
4 All A, B and C
5 None Of these
3. Enlorcemenf of technology denial regimes by developed countries implies which of the following?
1)Dominance of developing countries over developed ones
2)Exploitation of developing nations by the mightier ones
3)Targeting of developed countries by developing countries
4) Sympathizing with underprlvileged countries
5) None of these
4. the striking difference in warfare helore and after 1990 was the shift from
1)guns. tanks. etc to nuclear weapons
2) ships. and submarines to spacecraft
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