ASRB ARS/NET Prelims Syllabus for Agricultural Sciences
I. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Part A : (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE)
History of agricultural development in India. Current production utilization and growth trends of agricultural commodities in India and abroad. Current issues, constraints, mitigation strategies, developmental programmes, legislations, frontier research areas, infrastructural development, plant genetics and breeding science developments, genetic engineering, biotechnology and GM crops. Agricultural microbiology, plant physiology, pest and disease science research and development. Status of Indian horticulture, fruits, vegetables, floriculture, post –harvest quality issues, value chain, quality seed production. Seed certification laws, hybrid technology, quarantine and SPS issues, plant genetic resources, plant variety protection (IPRs). biodiversity and Nano-biotechnology. Bioinformatics.
Part B :
1. CROP IMPROVEMENT
General Genetics. Mendelian inheritance, Genome organization, cytogenetics, reproductive systems, plant breeding traditional and contemporary methods. Plant classification, description and economic use of field crops. Evolution, biometrical and population genetics. Biotechnological tools for crop improvement, plant genetic resources, regulatory system, conservation, utilization, crop husbandry, seed biology, seed processing, seed quality control, seed production methods, seed storage, health, growth of seed industry, seed certification and seed laws
2. CROP PROTECTION
Pests, diseases and abiotic agents causing losses. Systematics, morphology, embryology, ecology, toxicology, modern approaches of management of pest and diseases; IPM of important pests, diseases, nematodes and others organisms attacking crop plants and vectors of plant diseases. Useful organisms- Honey bees and bee keeping, lack insect and silk worm. mycology and plant pathology, plant bacteriology, virology, abiotic diseases: diagnostics, epidemiology, forecasting, principles of plant pathology and diseases management. Plant Nematology: ecology, techniques, plant–nematode relationships, nematode, physiology, cytology and management, Pesticides: groups, mode of action, application methods and pesticide interactions. Host plant resistance and biological control.
3. BASIC PLANT SCIENCES.
Cell organelles, water relations, metabolic processes and growth regulation, crop productivity and modeling, mineral nutrition, climate and climate change, physiology of flowering, reproduction, seed, post – harvest physiology, morphogenesis, tissue culture, genetic transformation, enzymes, vitamins, hormones, cell structure and function, biomolecules, metabolism, molecular genetics, gene expression, techniques, gene cloning, plant genetic engineering, molecular markers, genomics, metabolism engineering, gene regulation and related topics of plant biotechnology, history of microbiology, microbial ecology and physiology, soil environment microbiology, taxonomy, techniques in microbiology, biofertilizers and microbial biotechnology, Production of bio-agents and bio-fertilizers.
Fundamentals of horticulture, orchards management, nursery management and seed production. Breeding of horticultural crops, improvement of fruits and plantation crops. Importance of fruits and vegetable in human nutrition. Contribution of horticulture in national economy and exports. Programmes of development, growth and development, physiology of flowering, fruit set and development, parthenocarpy and seedlessness, maturity and ripening, plant growth regulators and their role. Importance of vegetables and spices, hybrid seed production, breeding strategies for vegetables, tuber crops, potato and spices, biotic and abiotic stress breeding, biotechnological tools for breeding. Micropropagation, meristem culture, ovule culture, in vitro pollination. Green house management, stionic relations and rootstocks. Protected cultivation for improved productivity – vegetables and flowers. Floriculture and landscaping, production technology for indoor plants, flower arrangements, value addition, commercial floriculture, gardening and turf management, dry flowers and potted plants. Medicinal and aromatic plants of importance and their management. Importance of post harvest handling in horticultural crops, physiology of fruits, vegetables and flowers after harvest. Different methods of storage, cool chain management, processing, packaging, quality assurance, storage management