ICAR ASRB ARS NET Prelims Subject for Agricultural Engineering and Technology
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Part A : (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE)
Historical background and current status of agricultural engineering education in India, important Indian Organizations/institutions related with agricultural engineering; role of farm mechanization in crop production; different types of farm equipment, IC engines; Indian tractor industry; engineering properties of biological materials; unit operations in agricultural processing; machinery for crop processing; types of farm structures; soil and water conservation measures; soil erosion; hydrologic cycle, principles of fluid mechanics, methods of irrigation, types of irrigation pumps; instruments and methods for measuring temperature, pressure, RH, soil/grain moisture, radiation, fluid flow, engine power, electrical energy, etc; renewable sources of energy; basics of computer hardware and operating systems; elementary statistics.
18. FARM MACHINERY AND ENERGY
Farm mechanization in India; status of power availability for crop production in India; soil dynamics in tillage and traction, precision agriculture, tillage implements, equipment for conservation agriculture, seed drills/planters, plant protection equipment, harvesting and threshing equipment; thermodynamics of I.C. engines; tractors and systems; power tillers; hydraulic power and controls; machine elements; renewable energy sources and conversion systems and applications. Energy requirements in agriculture production; ergonomics and safety in agriculture; testing and performance of tractors and farm machinery; costing of tractorimplement
19. POST HARVEST ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Engineering properties and quality of biomaterials, aerodynamics, food quality. Post harvest unit operations, grading, premilling/conditioning treatments, cleaning, washing etc., Process technology and machinery, functional and structural designs, Material handling, packaging materials and characteristics. Transport, storage engineering. Thermodynamics, Heat and mass transfer, fluid mechanics, PHT project planning and agriculture business management. Process control software and hardware.
20. LAND AND WATER ENGINEERING
Status of water resources in India. Methods of irrigation, water use efficiency.; principles of surface and ground water flow; aquifer types and parameters; soil moisture, soil-plant-water relationships; water movement through soil-plant system, crop coefficient and irrigation requirement; hydrologic cycle; hydraulics of open channel and pipe flow; wells and irrigation pumps; drainage design and construction; soil erosion and its control; watershed constructions; land leveling machinery
21. FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Introduction of Food Technology: definitions, scope and opportunities. Food industries development in the country, Causes of food spoilage, Food attributes, Method of food preservation, Use of non-thermal technologies, micro filtration (UF&MP) bactofugation, ultra high voltage electric fields, irradiation, themosonication}, alternate-technologies (ohmic heating, dielectric heating, infrared and induction heating) & biological technologies (antibacterial enzymes, proteins & peptides) in food processing. Unit operations of food processing, machineries for various unit operations. Mass and energy balance in food processing. Packaging materials. Flavor composition of food beverages, economic considerations for domestic and export marketing, organic foods, Therapeutic foods, nutritional disorders association with foods, specialty foods.