Group.I-PAPER-II- MARKS: 150
HISTORY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF INDIA WITH EMPHASIS ON 20TH CENTURY HISTORY OF INDIA
1. Indus Civilization * Vedic Civilization * Distinction between Indus Civilisation and Vedic Civilisation *Evolution of Varna, Jathi/caste system *Religious condition * Emergence of Religious Movements (Jainism, Buddhism and other sects) * Rise of Magadha Imperialism* Rise of Mahayana and Development of Art (Gandhara, Mathura and other Schools).*
2. *Advent of Islam and its impact * Influence of Islam on Indian Culture * Religious Movements * Nature and significance of Bhakti Movements * Growth of vernacular languages, literature, fine arts, architecture, monuments, Indo-Persian art and architecture* – Vijayanagara empire and their contribution to art, literature and culture * socio-economic conditions, administration, fall of Vijayanagar empire * the Great Moghals and their contribution to Indian Fine Art, Architecture and Fine Arts * Rise of Shivaji.
3. Stages of colonialism * changes in administrative structure and politics *factors leading for the British supremacy, assistance of Indian Powers and the causes of failures *Civil rebellions *Revolt of 1857 and its impact *Rise of nationalist*consciousness and factors for the growth of Indian Nationalism and Freedom Struggle : Three Phases :1885-1905, 1905-1920, 1920-47 and significance of Gandhian Era.
4. Rise and growth of Socio-Religious-cultural *anti-caste, Dalit and non-Brahmin, Justice/self-respect movements in modern India *Social reform organisations and role of intellectuals *Raja Ram Mohan Roy – Dayanand Saraswathi – Jyotiba Phule – Narayana Guru – Mahathma Gandhi – Ambedkar and others.
5.Nationalist Literature *growth of peasant and labour movements* role of leftist parties in anti-feudal and anti-colonial struggles-rise and growth of Women*s movements *origin and growth of communalism *workers and peasant movements *freedom and partition of India; important historical events after independence.
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY OF ANDHRA PRADESH
1.The Satavahanas and their contribution *social structure *religious conditions *growth of literature and painting *Ikshvakus and their cultural contribution *Growth of Buddhism in Andhra Pradesh *The Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi and their importance *socio-cultural contribution *growth of Telugu language & Literature *education and learning *Religious Sects *growth of art and architecture.
2.Socio- Cultural and Religious conditions in Andhra Desha between 1000 AD *1565 AD Growth of Telugu Language and Literature *Nannaya- Molla etc., fine arts and architecture *Monuments *Significance * Contribution of Qutubshahis to Telugu language and Literature *Art- Architecture- Monuments.
3.Modern Andhra -*Socio-cultural awakening in Andhra* Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosohica society *Adi-Andhra, Movements and role of Veereshalingam and others *Non-Brahmin, Adi- Andhra /Dalit and Justice/self *respect*movements* Gurram Joshuva *Boyi Bheemanna *Sri Sri and others *Growth of Nationalist Movement in Andhra*and the Andhra Leaders during the Freedom Struggle *Role of socialists *communists *anti-zamindari-kisan movements.
4.Asafjahi Dynasty *socio-cultural awakening in Telangana -Adi-Hindu Movement *Nizam Rashtra Janasangham *Andhra Mahasabha*Andhra Saaraswata Parishat *The role of Hyderabad State Congress and Vandemataram Movement.
5.Telangana People *Armed Struggle *Ittehadul-Muslimeen * Razakars-anti-Nizam Struggles and end of Nizam*s Rule and integration of Hyderabad State in Indian Union * Formation of Andhra Pradesh.
GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
1. Nature of the Constitution *constitutional developments *salient features *Preamble*Fundamental Rights , Directive Principles of State Policy and their relationship – Fundamental Duties, Distinctive features of Indian Federation.
2.Distribution of Legislative Powers*between the Union and the State ; Administrative and Financial relations between the Union and the States *Powers and the functions of Constitutional Bodies.
3.Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures *Functions and crises of accountability, decline of legislature – Delegated Legislation*Legislative and Judicial control over the delegated legislation *Judicial review of administrative action.
4.Amendment of the Constitution *Basic Structure Theory *Emergency Provisions and De-centralisation *Community development experiment *3 tier model of Panchayat Raj *73rd and 74th amendments and their implementation.
5. Welfare Mechanism in India : Provisions for scheduled castes, Tribes and Minorities ; Reservations for SC, ST and Backward classes ; Prevention of SC and ST Atrocities Act ;*National and State SC and ST Commission ; Women*s Commission ; National and State Minorities Commission and Human Rights Commission.