Asp.Net interview questions

How do I test my AJAX code?

There is a port of JUnit for client-side JavaScript called JsUnit

What exactly is the W3C DOM?

The W3C Document Object Model (DOM) is defined by the W3C as the following: The Document Object Model is a platform- and language-neutral interface…

When will HTML_AJAX have a stable release?

Once all the major features are complete and the API has been tested, the roadmap gives an idea of whats left to be done.

What parts of the HTML_AJAX API are stable?

We don’t have a list right now, but most of the API is stable as of 0.3.0. There should be no major changes at this point, though there will be lots of new additions.

What Browsers does HTML_AJAX work with?

As of 0.3.0, all the examples that ship with HTML_AJAX have been verified to work with
* Firefox 1.0+
* Internet Explorer 5.5+ (5.0 should work but it hasn’t been tested)
Most things work with
* Safari 2+
* Opera 8.5+

Is the server or the client in control?

It depends. With AJAX the answer is more in between. Control can be more centralized in a server-side component or as a mix of client-side and server-side controllers.

* Centralized server-side controller – When having a more centralized controller the key is to make sure the data in client-side page is in sync with that of the server. Some applications may keep all the state on the server and push all updates to client DOM via a simple JavaScript controller.
* Client and server-side controllers – This architecture would use JavaScript to do all presentation related control, event processing, page manipulation, and rendering of model data on the client. The server-side would be responsible for things such as business logic and pushing updated model data to the client. In this case the server would not have intimate knowledge of the presentation short of the initial page that would be sent to the client page request.

There are some use cases where an entire AJAX application can be written in a single page. Keep in mind if you choose this type of architecture that navigation and bookmarking should be considered.
Both methods are viable depending on what you are trying to accomplish. I tend to prefer spreading the control across the client and server.
Is Ajax just another name for XMLHttpRequest?

No. XMLHttpRequest is only part of the Ajax equation. XMLHttpRequest is the technical component that makes the asynchronous server communication possible; Ajax is our name for the overall approach described in the article, which relies not only on XMLHttpRequest, but on CSS, DOM, and other technologies.

How do I abort the current XMLHttpRequest?

Just call the abort() method on the request.

What is the minimum version of PHP that needs to be running in order to use HTML_AJAX?

The oldest PHP version i’ve fully tested HTML_AJAX is 4.3.11, but it should run on 4.2.0 without any problems. (Testing reports from PHP versions older then 4.3.11 would be appreciated.)

Why does HTML_AJAX hang on some server installs

If you run into an HTML_AJAX problem only on some servers, chances are your running into a problem with output compression. If the output compression is handled in the PHP config we detect that and do the right thing, but if its done from an apache extension we have no way of knowing its going to compress the body. Some times setting HTML_AJAX::sendContentLength to false fixes the problem, but in other cases you’ll need to disabled the extension for the AJAX pages.
I’ve also seen problems caused by debugging extensions like XDebug, disabling the extension on the server page usually fixes that. Questions dealing with Using HTML_AJAX, and general JavaScript development .

How do I get the XMLHttpRequest object?

Depending upon the browser… if (window.ActiveXObject) { // Internet Explorer http_request = new ActiveXObject(“Microsoft.XMLHTTP”); } else if…

Are there any security issues with AJAX?

JavaScript is in plain view to the user with by selecting view source of the page. JavaScript can not access the local filesystem without the user’s permission. An AJAX interaction can only be made with the servers-side component from which the page was loaded. A proxy pattern could be used for AJAX interactions with external services.
You need to be careful not to expose your application model in such as way that your server-side components are at risk if a nefarious user to reverse engineer your application. As with any other web application, consider using HTTPS to secure the connection when confidential information is being exchanged.

What about applets and plugins ?

Don’t be too quick to dump your plugin or applet based portions of your application. While AJAX and DHTML can do drag and drop and other advanced user interfaces there still limitations especially when it comes to browser support. Plugins and applets have been around for a while and have been able to make AJAX like requests for years. Applets provide a great set of UI components and APIs that provide developers literally anything.
Many people disregard applets or plugins because there is a startup time to initialize the plugin and there is no guarantee that the needed version of a plugin of JVM is installed. Plugins and applets may not be as capable of manipulating the page DOM. If you are in a uniform environment or can depend on a specific JVM or plugin version being available (such as in a corporate environment) a plugin or applet solution is great.
One thing to consider is a mix of AJAX and applets or plugins. Flickr uses a combination of AJAX interactions/DHTML for labeling pictures and user interaction and a plugin for manipulating photos and photo sets to provide a great user experience. If you design your server-side components well they can talk to both types of clients.

Why did you feel the need to give this a name?

I needed something shorter than “Asynchronous JavaScript+CSS+DOM+XMLHttpRequest” to use when discussing this approach with clients.

Is AJAX code cross browser compatible?

Not totally. Most browsers offer a native XMLHttpRequest JavaScript object, while another one (Internet Explorer) require you to get it as an ActiveX object….

Techniques for asynchronous server communication have been around for years. What makes Ajax a “new” approach?

What’s new is the prominent use of these techniques in real-world applications to change the fundamental interaction model of the Web. Ajax is taking hold now because these technologies and the industry’s understanding of how to deploy them most effectively have taken time to develop.

Is Ajax a technology platform or is it an architectural style?

It’s both. Ajax is a set of technologies being used together in a particular way.

How do I handle the back and forward buttons?

While you could go out and create a custom solution that tracks the current state on your application I recommend you leave this to the experts. Dojo addresses the navigation in a browser neutral way as can be seen in the JavaScript example below.

function updateOnServer(oldId, oldValue,
itemId, itemValue) {
var bindArgs = {
url: "faces/ajax-dlabel-update",
method: "post",
content: {"component-id": itemId, "component-value":
mimetype: "text/xml",
load: function(type, data) {
backButton: function() {
alert("old itemid was " + oldId);
forwardButton: function(){
alert("forward we must go!");

The example above will update a value on the server using with a function as a property that is responsible for dealing with the browser back button event. As a developer you are capable of restoring the value to the oldValue or taking any other action that you see fit. The underlying details of how the how the browser button event are detected are hidden from the developer by Dojo.
AJAX: How to Handle Bookmarks and Back Buttons details this problem and provides a JavaScript library Really Simple History framework (RSH) that focuses just on the back and forward issue.

How does HTML_AJAX compare with the XAJAX project at Sourceforge?

XAJAX uses XML as a transport for data between the webpage and server, and you don’t write your own javascript data handlers to manipulate the data received from the server. Instead you use a php class and built in javascript methods, a combination that works very similiar to the HTML_AJAX_Action class and haSerializer combo. XAJAX is designed for simplicity and ease of use.
HTML_AJAX allows for multiple transmission types for your ajax data – such as urlencoding, json, phpserialized, plain text, with others planned, and has a system you can use to write your own serializers to meet your specific needs. HTML_AJAX has a class to help generate javascript (HTML_AJAX_Helper) similiar to ruby on rail’s javascript helper (although it isn’t complete), and an action system similiar to XAJAX’s “action pump” that allows you to avoid writing javascript data handlers if you desire.
But it also has the ability to write your own data handling routines, automatically register classes and methods using a server “proxy” script, do different types of callbacks including grabbing remote urls, choose between sync and async requests, has iframe xmlhttprequest emulation fallback capabilities for users with old browsers or disabled activeX, and is in active development with more features planned (see the Road Map for details)
HTML_AJAX has additional features such as client pooling and priority queues for more advanced users, and even a javascript utility class. Although you can use HTML_AJAX the same way you use XAJAX, the additional features make it more robust, extensible and flexible. And it is a pear package, you can use the pear installer to both install and keep it up to date.
If you’re asking which is “better” – as with most php scripts it’s a matter of taste and need. Do you need a quick, simple ajax solution? Or do you want something that’s flexible, extensible, and looking to incorporate even more great features? It depends on the project, you as a writer, and your future plans.

What browsers support AJAX?

Internet Explorer 5.0 and up, Opera 7.6 and up, Netscape 7.1 and up, Firefox 1.0 and up, Safari 1.2 and up, among others.

How do I send an image using AJAX?

While it may appear that images are being sent when using AJAX with an application like Google Maps what is really happening is that the URLs of images are being send as the response of an AJAX request and those URLs are being set using DHTML.
In this example an XML document is returned from an AJAX interaction and the category bar is populated.

Fun to read

Must have gadgets

Notice that the image-url element contains the location of the URL for the image representing a category. The callback method of an AJAX interaction will parse the response XML document and call the addCategory function for each category included in the response XML document. The addCategory function looks up a table row element “categoryTable” in body of the page and adds a row to the element which contains the image.

<scrip type="text/javascript" >
function addCategory(id, name, imageSrc) {
var categoryTable = document.getElementById("categoryTable");
var row = document.createElement("tr");
var catCell = document.createElement("td");
var img = document.createElement("img");
img.src = ("images\\" + imageSrc);
var link = document.createElement("a");
link.className ="category";
link.setAttribute("onclick", "catalog?command=category&catid=" + id);

<td width="300" bgoclor="lightGray">
<table id="categoryTable" border="0" cellpadding="0"></table>
<td id="body" width="100%">Body Here</td>

Note that the source of the image is set to the image source. The image is loaded by a subsequent HTTP request for the image at the URL “images/books_icon.gif” or “images/electronic_icon.gif” that occurs when the img element is added to the categoryTable.

If you have questions, please ask below


  1. dhanasekhar says:

    1)what is the difference between java and .net?
    2)How we secure data in .net rather than java?
    3)what about webservices?

  2. arvind says:

    what is business query

  3. sakthi says:

    pls send about current jobs

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