NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Part A : (GENERAL KNOWLEDGE)
Historical developments in Indian Agriculture, current production trends; Natural resources – land, water, forest, environment, biodiversity and their relevance to agriculture, climate and weather; Drought management; Management of natural resources including recent advances, field crops, distribution, cultivation; Cropping and farming systems; Input management; Environmental sciences; Forestry and agro-forestry; Biodiversity; Air pollution; Ecology; Soils of India; Soil survey and classification; Soil health, organic/conventional farming; Soil fertility, salinity, alkalinity, acidity, reclamation; Water use efficiency, drainage, irrigation system.
11. FORESTRY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
Role of forests in national economy; Forest types of India and their salient features; Introduction to succession, climax and retrogression; Renewal sources of energy and their potentials in India; Liquid fuels from petrocrops, energy plantations; Integrated rural energy programmes; Definition and scope of environmental science and its inter-relationship with agriculture; Components of environment; Environmental legislations in India; Types of environmental pollution; Acid rain; Effect of pollutants on crops, vegetation, animals and human health; National and international laws on pollution and policies and maximum permissible limits of air, soil and water pollutants; Physical, chemical and biological properties of wastes; Effluent treatment processes for major industries and other agro-industrial wastes; Biodegradation and bioconversion of organic wastes, recycling of wastes; Basic ecological concepts; Extent and causes of land degradation; Afforestration; Conservation of natural resources; Climate change and variability, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gases emission and mitigation; Disaster management; Evidence and causes of climatic change; Impact of climate change and adaptation framework; Global warming and global dimming; Carbon sequestration, International summit and convention, clean development mechanism; Biodiversity and life security, biodiversity conservation.
12. AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY
Concepts of Agronomy, constraints in crop production, distribution of crops, their relation with environment; Sustainable agriculture; Farming systems, cropping systems, cultural practices, crop relation, Hitech precision farming, greenhouse production technology; Crop management and principles of growing crops, weed management, herbicides, GM crops, soil management, dryland farming; Evapotranspiration and water management; Agricultural meteorology, elements of weather and climate effect on growth and yield of crops, cardinal temperature, photo- and thermo- periodism, contingency planning, agro-ecological zoning, micrometeorology; Crop protection from biotic and abiotic stresses, input use-efficiency, newer concepts in NRM, field designs to plan experiments.
13. SOIL SCIENCE
Concept and definition of soils, rocks and minerals; Pedology, pedogenic factors and processes; Soil survey, soil classification; Soil properties – physical, chemical and biological; Soil -water concepts, soil-water-plant atmospheric relationships, water stress, nutrient stress, water use, irrigation water management, soil reclamation; Hydrologic cycle, modeling of water nutrient balance; Soil chemistry, soil fertility, soil biology, soil / land degradation and management; Soil quality and carbon sequestration; Analytical methods and instrumentation use in Soil Science; Agricultural statistics required for Soil Science experimentation; Water science and technology; Watershed developments of water management systems.