### CAT Analytical Reasoning Question Papers

Sample Question : Analytical Reasoning
Directions : All CAT sample analytical resoning questions are based on a passage or set of conditions. While answering a few of the questions, you would find it useful to draw a rough diagram. To answer any CAT sample analytical reasoning question choose the answer you think is most appropriate among the given options.

Questions 1- 3

Three men (Tom, Peter and Jack) and three women (Eliza, Anne and Karen) are spending a few months at a hillside. They are to stay in a row of nine cottages, each one living in his or her own cottage. There are no others staying in the same row of houses.

1. Anne, Tom and Jack do not want to stay in any cottage, which is at the end of the row.
2. Eliza and Anne are unwilling to stay besides any occupied cottage..
3. Karen is next to Peter and Jack.
4. Between Anne and Jack’s cottage there is just one vacant house.
5. None of the girls occupy adjacent cottages.
6. The house occupied by Tom is next to an end cottage.

1. Which of the above statements can be said to have been derived from two other statements ?
1. Statement 1
2. Statement 2
3. Statement 3
4. Statement 5
5. Statement 6

Ans : D
2. How many of them occupy cottages next to a vacant cottage ?
1. 2
2. 3
3. 4
4. 5
5. 6

Ans : C
3. Which among these statement(s) are true ?
1. Anne is between Eliza and Jack.
2. At the most four persons can have occupied cottages on either side of them. .
3. Tom stays besides Peter.
1. I only
2. II only
3. I and III only
4. II and III only
5. I, II and III

Ans : C

Questions 4 – 7

An employee has been assigned the task of allotting offices to six of the staff members. The offices are numbered 1 – 6. The offices are arranged in a row and they are separated from each other by six foot high dividers. Hence voices, sounds and cigarette smoke flow easily from one office to another.

Miss Robert’s needs to use the telephone quite often throughout the day. Mr. Mike and Mr. Brown need adjacent offices as they need to consult each other often while working. Miss. Hardy, is a senior employee and has to be allotted the office number 5, having the biggest window. .

Mr. Donald requires silence in the offices next to his. Mr. Tim, Mr. Mike and Mr. Donald are all smokers. Miss Hardy finds tobacco smoke allergic and consecutively the offices next to hers to be occupied by non-smokers.

Unless specifically stated all the employees maintain an atmosphere of silence during office hours.

1. The ideal candidate to occupy the office furthest from Mr. Brown would be
1. Miss Hardy
2. Mr. Mike
3. Mr. Tim
4. Mr. Donald
5. Mr. Robert

Ans : D
2. The three employees who are smokers should be seated in the offices.
1. 1, 2 and 4
2. 2, 3 and 6
3. 1, 2 and 3
4. 1, 2 and 3
5. 1, 2 and 6

Ans : D
3. The ideal office for Mr. Mike would be.
1. 2
2. 6
3. 1
4. 3
5. 4

Ans : D
4. In the event of what occurrence, within a period of one month since the assignment of the offices, would a request for a change in office be put forth by one or more employees ?
1. Mr. Donald quitting smoking.
2. The installation of a noisy teletype machine by Miss Hardy in her office.
3. Mr. Robert’s needing silence in the office (s) next to her own. .
4. Mr. Brown suffering from laryngitis.
5. Mr. Tim taking over the duties formerly taken care of by Miss. Robert. .

Ans : E

Questions 8 – 10
In an experiment conducted at a laboratory, 160 white mice were injected with Serum D. 160 other white mice were injected with a harmless sugar solution .In two weeks time 39% of the white mice, who were injected with Serum D contracted the highly contagious and often fatal disease, jungle fever. Hence, it can be concluded that jungle fever is caused by some elements similar to the elements in Serum D.

1. The above discussion would be weakened most severely in case it is shown that
1. People contracting jungle fever are usually the victims of the bite of the South American Lesser Hooded Viper.
2. One among the 160 white mice had already contracted jungle fever prior to the laboratory experiment.
3. The natural habitats of white mice does not contain any of the elements found in Serum D.
4. The scientists administered the injections being ignorant of the contents of the solutions used.
5. The 160 white mice used in the laboratory experiment were kept isolated from each other.

Ans : B
2. The above argument would be highly empowered in case it were shown that:
1. Some of the elements in Serum D are extracted from the root of a certain poisonous jungle wildflower.
2. Within a period of two weeks about 40% of the white mice, who were injected with a harmless sugar solution also contracted jungle fever.
3. Almost all the white mice died within a period of two days after the first symptoms appeared.
4. Normally the rate of jungle fever among white mice is less than 0.01%.
5. Invariably the blood of the victims of jungle fever victims contains a high level of a certain toxic substance also found in serum D.

Ans : E
3. Distribution of leaflets and delivering speeches on government property should be outlawed. Radicals and fanatics have no right to use public property when peddling their unsavory views.

The argument above is based on the postulate
1. The general public has a special concern in the free exchange of different political views.
2. Radicals and fanatics prefer the use of public property while propagating their viewpoint.
3. Every person who hands out leaflets and delivers speeches is a radical or fanatic.
4. Legal constraints which are applicable to one group need not be equally applicable to all.
5. Any political activity, which hinders the proper functioning of the government should not be protected by the law.

Ans : C

Questions 11 – 12

Successfully adjusting to one’s environment leads to happiness. War at a universal level war destroys the weaker people, who are the most unable to adjust to their environment. Thus, war at the universal level puts weaklings out of their misery and allows more space for their predators to enjoy life in a better manner. As those actions have to be performed, which maximize the level of happiness of the greatest number, war at a universal level should take place.

1. What response would the author of the above discussion come up with, in the case of the objection that the weaklings far exceed strong people?
1. He would respond with the statement that the person making the objection is a weakling.
2. He would respond by saying that weaklings will be miserable no matter what happens.
3. He would respond with the statement that the strong would be frustrated if the weaklings are destroyed.
1. I only
2. II only
3. III only
4. I and II only
5. II and III only

Ans : E
2. The author’s discussion would be greatly if he agreed to which of the following?
1. Technology could change the environment.
2. War at the universal level would be an integral part of the environment.
3. It is possible for the strong to survive without suppressing the weak.
1. I only
2. II only
3. III only
4. I and III only
5. I, II and III only

Ans : A

Questions 13 – 15

Come back with us to the real America leaving behind the turmoil of civilization. The real America is still inhabited by the eagle, the buffalo, the mountain lion and elk; it is still spacious, sprawling and majestic. Experience the freedom and serenity still to be found in

1. Choose the best option to complete the above statement:
1. the natural beauty of our land
2. the fascinating urban centers
3. the wild terrain of Africa
4. one’s own subconscious
5. the great sprawling cities of the Southwest

Ans : A
2. The above paragraph is most likely to appear in which of the following?
1. A Hunter’s Guide to The United States
2. Exploring the Great Outdoors
3. The Quiet Beauty of Alaska
4. How the Eagle Became Extinct
5. Returning to America

Ans : D
3. When I am elected, I will work towards effecting those changes for which I have been fighting all these years. We will work together to do away with the bureaucratic bogs which have existed ever since my opponent took office. Everyone of you knows what I stand for; I invite my opponent to …

For completion of the above statement choose the best option:
1. hand in his resignation graciously
2. make his stance clear
3. stop lying to the public
4. get our city more federal aid
5. extend his support to me

Ans : B
4. We can never make our beliefs regarding the world certain. Even scientific theory of a most rigorous and well-confirmed nature is likely to change over a decade or even tomorrow. If we refuse to even try to understand, then it is like resigning from the human race. Undoubtedly life of an unexamined kind is worth living in other respects–as it is no mean thing to be a vegetable or an animal. It is also true that a man wishes to see this speculative domain beyond his next dinner.

From the above passage it is clear that the author believes that
1. men would not do well to speculate
2. progress in the scientific field is impossible
3. one should live life with the dictum ‘what will be will be’
4. men should ignore their animal needs
5. men are different from animals as far as their reasoning abilities are concerned.

Ans : E

Questions 17-21

Two or more essences out of a stock of five essences– L, M, N, O, and P are used in making all perfumes by a manufacturer. He has learned that for a blend of essences to be agreeable it should comply with all the rules listed below.

A perfume containing L, should also contain the essence N, and the quantity of N should be twice as that of L.
A perfume containing M, must also have O as one of its components and they should be in equal proportion.
A single perfume should never contain N as well as O.
O and P should not be used together.
A perfume containing the essence P should contain P in such a proportion that the total amount of P present should be greater than the total amount of the other essence or essences used.

1. Among the following which is an agreeable formula for a perfume?
1. One part L, one part P
2. Two parts M, two parts L
3. Three parts N, three parts L
4. Four parts O, four parts M
5. Five parts P, five parts M

Ans : D
2. Adding more amount of essence N will make which of the following perfumes agreeable?
1. One part L, one part N, five parts P
2. Two parts M, two parts N, two parts P
3. One part M, one part N, one part P
4. Two parts M, one part N, four parts P
5. Two parts N, one part O, three parts P

Ans : A
3. Among the following, the addition of which combination would make an unagreeable perfume containing two parts N and one part P agreeable?
(A) One part L (B) One part M (C) Two parts N (D) One part O (E) Two parts P

Ans : E
4. Among the following which combination cannot be used together in an agreeable perfume containing two or more essences?
1. L and M
2. L and N
3. L and P
4. M and O
5. P and N

Ans : A
5. Among the below mentioned formulas, which can be made agreeable by the eliminating some or all of one essence ?
1. One part L, one part M, one part N, four parts P
2. One part L, two parts N, one part O, four parts P
3. One part L, one part M, one part O, one part P
4. Two parts L, two parts N, one part O, two parts P
5. Two parts M, one part N, two parts O, three parts P

Ans : B
1. Everything that a person does, which is dictated by reason of ignorance is not voluntary. Involuntary actions are those which produce pain and repentance. Incase a man has done something in his ignorance and he does not feel vexed due to his action, he has not acted voluntarily as he was not aware of what he was doing, nor yet involuntarily since he is not pained.

After reading this passage we can arrive at the conclusion that:
1. A person is not a voluntary agent, if he acts by reason of ignorance and repents. .
2. If an action is done by reason of ignorance and is not voluntary , then it was repented.
3. A man is an involuntary agent, if he acts by reason of ignorance.
4. Some actions are either involuntary or not voluntary.
5. If a man is not a voluntary agent, then he acted by reason of ignorance and repents.

Ans : A
2. Everything that God knows necessarily is, because even what we ourselves know necessarily is; and, of course, our knowledge is not as certain as God’s knowledge is. But no future contingent thing necessarily is..

Among the following statements, which naturally follows from the above:
1. There are no future contingent things.
2. It is not true that God has knowledge of only necessary things.
3. God has knowledge of no contingent future things.
4. It is not possible for us to know God.
5. God has knowledge of everything. .

Ans : C
Questions 24 – 25

Some lawyers are of the view that the observation of the intrinsic qualities of pornography in any composition depends on literary criticism and hence it is a matter of opinion. It is rather odd, though, that in a legal connection, serious critics themselves quite often behave as if they believed criticism to be a matter of opinion. Why be a critic – and teach in universities – in case criticism involves nothing but uttering capricious and arbitrary opinions ?

1. In the above argument the author is trying to establish that
1. whether a composition can be called pornographic or not is a matter of opinion. .
2. it is not a matter of opinion whether a work is pornographic.
3. observance of the qualities of pornography is not dependent on literary criticism.
4. critics seem hypocritical.
5. critics should not teach at universities.

Ans : D
2. The above discussion would be weakened if it is pointed out that:
1. literary critics are of the opinion that nothing is pornographic.
2. lawyers believe that the observance of the qualities of pornography is a matter of opinion, as literary critics are not in agreement in this regard.
3. literary critics are not legal authorities.
4. literary critics should not concern themselves with deciding what is pornographic.
5. literary critics in the teaching profession at the university level are init only for the money.

Ans : B

Questions 26 – 31

Nine individuals – Z, Y, X, W, V, U, T, S and R – are the only candidates, who can serve on three committees– A, B and C, and each candidate should serve on exactly one of the committees.

Committee A should consist of exactly one member more than committee B.
It is possible that there are no members of committee C.
Among Z, Y and X none can serve on committee A.
Among W, V and U none can serve on committee G.
Among T, S and R none can serve on committee C.

1. In case T and Z are the individuals serving on committee B, how many of the nine individuals should serve on committee C?
1. 3
2. 4
3. 5
4. 6
5. 7

Ans : B
2. Of the nine individuals, the largest number that can serve together on committee C is
1. 9
2. 8
3. 7
4. 6
5. 5

Ans : D
3. In case R is the only individual serving on committee B, which among the following should serve on committee A?
1. W and S
2. V and U
3. V and T
4. U and S
5. T and S

Ans : E
4. In case any of the nine individuals serves on committee C, which among the following should be the candidate to serve on committee A?
1. Z
2. Y
3. W
4. T
5. S

Ans : C
5. In case T, S and X are the only individuals serving on committee B, the total membership of committee C should be:
1. Z and Y
2. Z and W
3. Y and V
4. Y and U
5. X and V

Ans : A
6. Among the following combinations which could constitute the membership of committee C?
1. Y and T
2. X and U
3. Y, X and W
4. W, V and U
5. Z, X, U and R

Ans : B

Questions 32 – 34

(M, N, O and P are all different individuals)

1. M is the daughter of N.
2. N is the son of O
3. O is the father of P.

1. Among the following statements, which is true ?
1. O is the uncle of M.
2. P and N are brothers
3. M is the daughter of P.
4. If B is the daughter of N, then M and B are sisters.
5. If C is the granddaughter of O, then C and M are sisters.

Ans : D
2. Which among the following statements is contradictory to the above premises?
1. P is the father of M.
2. O has three children.
3. M has one brother.
4. M is the granddaughter of O.
5. Another party C, could be the mother of M.

Ans : A
3. If B is the son of N and B has one brother, D, then
1. M is the sister of D.
2. D and N are brothers.
3. O is the grandfather of D.
1. I only
2. II only
3. III only
4. I and III only
5. I and II only

Ans : D

Questions 35 – 41

The only people to attend a conference were four ship captains and the first mates of three of those captains. The captains were L, M, N and O; the first mates were A, D and G. Each person in turn delivered a report to the assembly as follows:

Each of the first mates delivered their report exactly after his or her captain. The first captain to speak was M, and captain N spoke after him.

1. Among the following which is not an appropriate order of delivered reports?
1. M, A, N, G, O, L, D
2. M, D, N, G, L, O, A
3. M, N, A, L, D, O, G
4. M, N, A, O, D, L, G
5. M, N, G, D, O, L, A

Ans : E
2. In case L speaks after A, and A is the third of the first mates to speak, then among the following statements which would be untrue?
1. O spoke immediately after G.
2. The order of the first four speakers was M, G, N, D.
3. O’s first mate was present.
4. A was the fourth speaker after M.
5. The captains spoke in the order M, N, O, L.

Ans : D
3. Among the following statements which statement must be true?
1. In case the second speaker was a captain, the seventh speaker was a first mate.
2. In case the second speaker was a first mate, the seventh speaker was a captain.
3. In case the third speaker was a first mate, the seventh speaker was a captain.
4. In case the third speaker was a captain, the seventh speaker was a first mate.
5. In case the seventh speaker was a first mate, the first and third speakers were captains.

Ans : A
4. In case A spoke immediately after L and immediately before O, and O was not the last speaker, L spoke
1. second
2. third
3. fourth
4. fifth
5. sixth

Ans : C
5. In case G is M’s first mate, D could be the person who spoke immediately
1. prior to T
2. prior to L
3. prior to V
4. after T
5. after V

Ans : D
6. In case A is the third of the first mates to speak, and L is the captain whose first mate is not present, which among the following statements must be true?
1. A spoke sometime before L.
2. D spoke sometime before O.
3. L spoke sometime before O.
4. O spoke sometime before L.
5. O spoke sometime before N.

Ans : B
7. Among the following statements, which would make M, D, N, G, L, O, A the only possible sequence of speakers?
1. D is M’s first mate; G is N’s first mate; A is O’s first mate.
2. D is M’s first mate; G is N’s first mate; A was the second to speak after L.
3. The order of the first four speakers was M, D, N, G.
4. The order of the last three speakers was L, O, A.
5. The order in which the captains spoke was M, N, L, O.

Ans : B