SOCIAL STUDIES: GEOGRAPHY (Marks: 35)
I. Principles of Physical Geography:
Interior of the Earth. Major relief features of the Earth; Mountains, plateaus and plains. Wegner’s theory of continual drift, theory of Isostacy, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.
Chief types of rocks and their charactestics. Weathering and Erosion. Landforms in Fluvial, Arid, Karst, Glacial and Marine cycles. Structure and composition of the atmosphere. Distribution of temperature-vertical and horizontal; temperature inversion.
Pressure Belts and Planetary wind systems, Monsoons & Local winds, Precipitation, types of rainfall, Cyclones and anticyclones-tropical and temperature cyclones-an outline of Koppen’s classification of climates. Submarine relief – Distribution of temperature and salinity – Movements of Ocean water: Waves, Tides and Currents – Currents of the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Indian ocean – Ocean deposits.
II. Social and Economic Geography:
Definition, scope and objectives of Economic Geography Physical Environment and Human activities Concept of Resources, Types of resources,Conservation and management of resources – Distribution, Pattern and growth trends of population in the world-Type of settlements. Urban and Rural Trends in Urban growth – Agriculture: Distribution of Rice, Wheat Tea, Coffee, Cotton and Sugarcane – Distribution of major forest types, major fishing grounds of the world – Mineral and power resources : Iron, Bauxite, Coal & Petroleum – Weber’s theory of industrial location – Location and distribution of Iron and Steel, Cotton Textiles.
III. Regional Geography of India:
Locational aspects, Major Physiographic regions, climate, drainage, soil types and natural vegetation – pattern and growth trends of population, urbanization – Agriculture: Rice, Wheat, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, Tea and Coffee – irrigation and power development in India – Minerals : Iron, coal and petroleum – Composition and pattern of trade – Resource appraisal of Telangana, Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.
IV. Regional Geography of Asia:
Scope and content of Regiona Geography – location, Relief, Drainage, Climate, Natural Vegetation, Agriculture. Types mineral wealth firon,tin, coal and oil); Industrial development, industries (shipbuilding, petrochemicals, automobiles); Population distribution; Broad outlines of the following as regions: South East Asia : Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia – South West Asia : Iran, Iraq, Afganisthan.
Part – C
SOCIAL STUDIES: HISTORY (Marks: 30)
I. History of India upto 1526 A.D.
1. Pre historic, Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic culture.
2. Harappa Civilization – origin, extent, urban planning – Nature of polity and economic organization.
3. Rise of new Religious movements: Jainism and Buddhism in 6th century B.C.
4. The Mouryan empire – Ashoka’s dhamma, its nature and propagation, Mouryan Administration State, Economy, Art and Architecture.
5. Post-Mouryan period, Socio-cultural developments with special reference to Satavahanas and Kushans.
6. Developments in the Gupta period – Administrative system, society,
Economy, An and Architecture, Literature, Philosophy, Science and Technology.
7. Chalukyan period – vatapi Chalukyas, Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, Rashtra Kutas – Development of society, economy and culture, Religious movements.
8. Pallavas and Their contribution to society and culture – Art and Architecture.
9. Rise and fall of Delhi sultanate- Socio- Economic and cultural study.
10. Impact of Islam on Indian culture and Bhakti and Sufi movement.
11. Vijayanagar – Bahamani Kingdoms – Society, economy, Art and Architecture.
II. History of India (1526-1964 A.D.)
A. Later Medieval India:
1. Consolidation, Expansion and Diplomacy under Moghul empire upto 1707.
2. General conditions under Moghul rule:
(a) Social conditions: Velemas Nobility – Zamindars, Peasantry – Artisans – Slaves and status of women.
(b) Economic conditions: Agriculture, Trade and Commerce.
3. Study of Art and Architecture, Literature, Education and Fine Arts (1526-1761 A.D).
4. Rise, growth and decline of Marathas – Administration of Sivaji.
B. Modern India:
5. Advent of European powers: Portuguese, French and English.
6. Expansion and Consolidation of British empire:
(a) Ideologies of expansion:
Mercantilism, orientalism; utilitarianism and Evangelicalism.
(b) Tools of expansion:
War and Diplomacy – Carnatic, Bengal, Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.
7. Economic Changes:
(a) Land revenue settlements; permanent settlement, ryotwari and mahalwari, conditions of peasants, rural indebtedness, and recurrent famines.
(b) Nature of colonial economy: Commercialisation of agriculture and its effects, Decline of cottage industries, causes for poverty in India.
8. Social Changes:
(a) Spread of western education, (b) Rise of professional classes and the emerging intelligentia. (c) Growth of the press; English and in Indian languages, (d) Indian renaissance (e) Socio-Religious movements (f) Status of women.
9. Popular resistance to company rule:
a) Peasant and Tribal movements (brief survey)
b) Revolt of 1857-causes, nature and results.
10. National Movement:
a) Emergence of Indian National Movement – Indian National Congress – Moderates, extremists and Revolutionaries.
b) Rise of Gandhi-Nature of Gandhian movements
c) Indian polity-(1939-1945) -Quit India movement.
d) Subhas Chandra Bose and Indian National Army.
e) Emergence of communal trends – Communal politics and partition.
11. India 1947-1964.
a) Integration of the Indian, Princely States.
b) Making of the constitution.
III. History of Modern Europe (1789-1960)
1. French Revolution: Causes – Course – Constitutional assembly – National convention – Directory – Effects of the Revolution.
2. Emergence of Napoleon Bonaparte – Expansion, Consolidation and down fall.
3. Vienna congress – Concert of Europe – Metternich – Revolutions of 1830 and 1848.
4. Second Republic in France – Napoleon I I I – Paris commune – the rise of IIIrdFrench Republic.
5. National movements: Unification of Italy – Unification of Germany.
6. Revolution in Turkey – Balkan wars.
7. Scramble for African and Asian colonies – Theories and mechanisms of Imperialism.
8. First world war-causes and effects. Treaty of Versailles.
9. Rise of Fascism and Nazism.
10. League of Nations – Achievements and failures.
11. Second world war – causes, course and effect.
12. Post second world war developments – U.N.O, Cold war – Rise of third block.
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