GATE 2011 Syllabus for Biotechnology | GATE 2011 Biotechnology Syllabus

GATE 2011 Syllabus for Biotechnology

Linear Algebra:
Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series.

Differential Equations:
Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transforms, PDE- Laplace, heat and wave equations.
Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multistep methods for differential equations.
Microbiology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth and control; Microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); Nitrogen fixation; Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.

Biochemistry: Biomolecules and their conformation; Ramachandran map; Weak inter-molecular interactions in biomacromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of single substrate and bi-substrate enzyme catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism (Glycolysis, TCA and Oxidative phosphorylation); Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signaling and signal transduction; Biochemical and biophysical techniques for macromolecular analysis.w w w.w a y 2 f r e s h e r s . c o m

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational processes; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.

Process Biotechnology: Bioprocess technology for the production of cell biomass and primary/secondary metabolites, such as baker’s yeast, ethanol, citric acid, amino acids, exo-polysacharides, antibiotics and pigments etc.; Microbial production, purification and bioprocess application(s) of industrial enzymes; Production and purification of recombinant proteins on a large scale; Chromatographic and membrane based bioseparation methods; Immobilization of enzymes and cells and their application for bioconversion processes. Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes for stabilization of solid / liquid wastes; Bioremediation.w w w.w a y 2 f r e s h e r s . c o m

Bioprocess Engineering:
Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Simple structured models; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Aeration and agitation; Mass transfer in bioreactors; Rheology of fermentation fluids; Scale-up concepts; Design of fermentation media; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation in bioreactors.

Plant and Animal Biotechnology: Special features and organization of plant cells; Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant products of industrial importance; Biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Cell suspension culture development: methodology, kinetics of growth and production formation, nutrient optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root cultures and their cultivation. Techniques in raising transgencies.
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Characteristics of animal cells: Metabolism, regulation and nutritional requirements for mass cultivation of animal cell cultures; Kinetics of cell growth and product formation and effect of shear force; Product and substrate transport; Micro & macro-carrier culture; Hybridoma technology; Live stock improvement; Cloning in animals; Genetic engineering in animal cell culture; Animal cell preservation.

Immunology: The origin of immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex (MHC); Antigen processing and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hyper sensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.

Recombinant DNA Technology:
Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation; Gene cloning; Expression of cloned gene; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In-situ hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy.w w w.w a y 2 f r e s h e r s . c o m

Major bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, way2freshers.comscoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny); Genomics and Proteomics (Large scale genome sequencing strategies; Comparative genomics; Understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); Molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields).

If you have questions, please ask below


  1. praveen kumar says:

    confirm me about the math in entrance vbecause there was not any que. in last entrance??

  2. sushma.y.v says:

    please send the name of books that should reffer for preparig gate 2011

  3. sankar says:

    sir,i am doing my B.Tech final year in Biotechnology.Plz help me with the GATE preparation like preparation books,model question papers,mock test(where and how).

  4. bhagchand gurjar says:

    how many times we can answer GATE exam????????

  5. KAINAT KHAN says:

    i have done with botany and chemistry……and bioinformatics..can i apply for gate with biotechnology..plzzz replyyyyyy

  6. chakravarthi says:

    please send gate syllabus and last 10 years gate papers to my email id

  7. madhuyamini says:

    Respected Sir,
    I would like know about the gate 2011 syllabus of XL Life Sciences that whether in this XL paper the optonal paper as biotechnology is included or not.Requesting to reply me soon.

  8. mastani says:

    what is the need of maths in biotechnology paper in gate?

  9. mastani says:

    what is the need of maths in biotechnology gate, i dont like maths,what to do???????

  10. himanshu kumar says:

    Good Noon Sir,
    I m Himanshu Kumar Student of B.TECH Biotechnology engg. Final year
    Sir please send me GATE 2011 Biotechnology Syllabus


  11. srujana says:


  12. sanghmitra says:

    why breeding and molecular marker technology is not included in the syllabus

  13. jadhav shankar says:

    which book is best for study biotechnology for GATE EXAM

  14. dalia says:

    y maths is required in biotechnology?

  15. vishal says:

    respected sir/mam
    i am the student of B.Tech.Biotech.
    plz send me last year solvd GATE (BT)paper alongwith some solved mock test papers.
    with regards

  16. sushmitha.sudeep says:

    is there any internal choices given in the topics to be opted 4 gate exams like immunonology and food biotech. actually it was been given as such in gate entrance based reference may greatly mislead the gate aspirants according to my point of view.
    third yr

  17. sadhna says:

    i want to know the weightage of each subject

  18. rama says:

    sir i am doing bsc. biotech 2yr. plz help me sir for the preparation of gate like (helping books, syllabus of 2011 for gate)how many times we can apply for it.

  19. manpreet says:

    plz send me booksnameyou should refer for preparation of gate….

  20. L.Ashifa Thusneem says:

    Respected Sir,
    I am doing final year in biotechnology.Please help me,I want previous year model question papers,prearation books.plz send to my mail.

  21. SUMAN says:

    I NEED FULL INFORMATION REGARDING GATE exam for biotechnology including its scope.

  22. varun says:

    Sir,I’m student of Bsc(Hons.)Biotechnology-3rd sem. I want to know all about the GATE exam and how it will help in my career?

  23. mrinali daimari says:

    pls refer the books for gate qualification in biotechnology..

  24. suman shekhawat says:

    hello sir,
    I have just completed B.S.C in biotechnology and i would like to know about the study material for GATE preparation. can u please send me the last 5years paper of GATE BIOTECHNOLOGY entrance exam.

  25. Dhanashree says:

    Hello sir,
    I have completed BE Biotech. Guide me how to prepare for GATE. Cane you plz send me last 5yrs GATE exam papers of Biotech.

  26. anjali says:

    am i eligible to sit for gate exam, i am doing applied microbiology and biotech from banasthali university. waht will be the syl.labus for that

  27. shivani says:

    Please guide me how to prepare for GATE,plz send me last 5 years GATE exam papers of Biotech.

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