Directions (For the 14 items which follow) :
In this section, you have three short passages. After each passage, you will find several questions based on the passage, First, read a passage and then answer the questions based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.
Examples ‘l’ and J’ have been solved for you.
In our approach to life, be it pragmatic or otherwise, a basic fact that confronts us squarely and unmistakably is the desire for peace, security and happiness. Different forms of life at different levels of existence make up the teeming denizens of this earth of ours. And, no matter whether they belong to the higher groups such as human beings or to the lower ‘ groups such as animals, all beings primarily seek peace, comfort and security. Life is as dear to a mute creature as it is to a man. Even the lowliest insect strives for protection against dangers that threaten its life. Just as each one of us wants to live and not to die, so do all other creatures.
I. The idea which represents the author’s main point is “peace and security are the chief goals of all living beings”, which is response (c). So (c) is the correct answer.
J. The best assumption underlying the passage is “The will to survive of a creature is identified with a desire for peace”, which is response (b). So (b) is the correct answer.
It may seem strange then that there could possibly be anyoroom for pleasure in such a disagreeable task. Still, for every agony there is at least one pleasure. How can one adequately describe to listeners who have never had such an experience, the satisfaction felt by the operator when he rises early and when going outdoors he is greeted by the sparkling freshness of the morning? When he mounts to the seat of his tractor he is about to know an experience shared only by those who love line machinery and earn a living with it. It is the satisfaction of hearing his tractor burst into action with an authoritative roar the instant he pushes the starter button. To listen to the smooth, flawless operation of machinery which he himself has tuned to perfection is to the ears of the operator as the harmonious music of an accomplished symphony orchestra is to the lover of fine music. How can one describe the sweetness which rises from the new—mown hay in the adjacent fields?