Directions for questions 1 to 8: In each of the following questions, statements 1 to 6 are respectively the first and last sentences of a paragraph. Statements A ,B ,C and D come in between them. Rearrange A, B, C and D in such a manner that they make a coherent paragraph together with statements 1 and 6. Select the correct order from the given choices and mark its number as your answer.
1. 1. Women’s health status is basic to their advancement in all the fields of endeavour.
A The fundamental issues concerning women and their health are nutrition, sanitation, overwork, etc.
B. They face high risk of malnutrition, retardation in growth and development, etc. at almost every stage of their lives.
C. The main reason of this decline in the sex ratio is high mortality rates among females in all age groups.
D. This has resulted in the fact that in India, there are fewer women than men.
6. In girls, malnutrition, under nutrition and limited access to health care are seen as the main causes of mortality.
(1) DCAB (2) BADC (3) ACDB (4) ABDC
2. 1. One obvious explanation of the striking continuity and independence of the Chinese civilization is the following.
A It was also endowed with an even greater capacity to assimilate alien influence, probably because the tradition of civilization rested on different foundations in different countries.
B. Islamic rule made more difference to India than to any dynasty’s rise or fall in China.
C. China was remote, inaccessible to alien influence, far from sources of disturbance in other great civilizations.
D. In India, the great stabilizers were rested on the foundation of religion and a caste system inseparable from it.
6. In China they rested on the culture of an administrative elite which survived dynasties and empires and kept China on the same course.
(1) CABD (2) CDBA (3) CBAD (4) ABCD
3. 1. The ethnographic composition and history of the Himalayan regions of Kumaon, Garwal and Himachal Pradesh form a fascinating field of study.
A. Besides, the indepth study of place names offers interesting insights.
B. ‘Himachal’ has been explained as ‘the land of snow’.
C. The author has endeavoured to trace the roots of the Himalayan culture and discuss the cultural components of the ancient inhabitants of that society.
D. More than a dozen communities which have played an important part in the formation of history and culture of this region are studied in the book called “The Ancient Communities of India”.
6. Similarly, ‘Kumaon’ has been derived from the name of Kurmavana.
(1) CADB (2) ACBD (3) DCBA (4) DCAB
4. 1. The study of social change, in the view of the nebulous nature of its History is a difficult task.
A. This job becomes more difficult in the case of a society like India’s.
B. In this form, change ceases to be viewed as a normal social process.
C. This is because India has a fathomless historical depth and a plurality of traditions, but it is also engulfed in a movement of nationalistic aspirations under which concepts of change and modernization have ideological
D. Instead, change becomes desirable in itself, and must be sought for.
6. This phenomenon of change is treated by some social scientists as equivalent to ‘development’ and ‘progress’.
(1) ACBD (2) CABD (3) CBDA (4) BADC
5. 1. The system of the composition of the Legislative Council of a State as laid down in the Constitution is not final.
A. But until the Parliament legislates on the matter, the composition be as given in the Constitution, which is as follows.
B. The final power of providing the composition of this chamber of the state Legislature is given to the Union Parliament
C. The Council will be a partly elected and partly nominated body.
D. The election of the members will be an indirect one and in accordance with the principle of proportional representation by a single transferable vote.
6. The members being drawn from various sources, the Council shall have a variegated composition.
(1) DABC (2) CBDA (3) BACD (4) DCAB
6. 1. Green Revolution refers to a significant improvement in agricultural production in a short period and the sustenance of higher level of agricultural production over a fairly long period of time.
A. This new strategy envisaged raising farm output through the use of High – Yielding Varieties (HYV) pr seeds, chemical fertilizers, implements and machinery, etc.
B. It was sponsored by the Ford Foundation which was invited by the
Government of India to suggest means to increase agricultural production.
C. The necessity for such increase arose due to the continued stagnation of
production and the rapidly increasing demands.
D. This type of green revolution has occurred in India as a result of adopting the ‘new agricultural strategy’ in 1964-65.
6. As one of the results, the increase in the demand for some cereals has been met with to some extent.
(1) BADC (2) DABC (3) CDBA (4) BCAD
7. 1. Economists differ over the causes that lead to inflationary rise in prices.
A. Cost-Push inflation is caused by wage -push and profit -push to prices.
B. There are the quantity theorists or monetarists who attribute inflation to demand pull or excess demand.
C. Other economists ascribe inflation to cost-push factors.
D. According to them, inflation is the result of excessive increase in money supply in the face of an elastic supply of goods and services.
6. The basic cause of wage-push inflation is the rise in money wages more rapidly than the productivity of labour.
(1) ABCD (2) BDAC (3) CBAD (4) BDCA
8. 1. The first of the recent spate of conventions aiming to govern global industrial activity is the one to protect the ozone layer.
A. India signed the Montreal Protocol on 17 September 1992.
B. But China has, till recently, not signed the treaty, calling its provisions unfair and discriminatory.
C. The convention, known as the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 1985, was followed by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
D. It was signed in 1987 by the United States, the European Community and 22 other countries, including India.
6. Such an act came unexpectedly from China which is one of the most rapidly developing countries.
(1) CDBA (2) CDAB (3) ABCD (4) CADB
DIRECTIONS for questions 9 TO 14: A number of sentences are given below which, when properly sequenced , form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four choices given to construct a coherent paragraph.
9. A. By releasing an ultraviolet photon, the atom falls back to the original energy level.
B. From this high energy level, the atom will almost always release an electron, whereby the energy of the ultraviolet photon is dissipated.
C. In the absence of green light, when a strontium atom absorbs a photon of ultraviolet radiations, its energy increases by a discrete amount.
D. But, ever so often, the high -energy atom will emit a photon of other ultraviolet or green light.
(1) CBDA (2) CBAD (3) CADB (4) CABD
10. A. Frictions accruing from bilateral trade have been on the increase since the 1980s.
B. Apart from the electronic problem, the automobile issue began to assume the character of a significant irritant.
C. The protective policy followed by Japan has its adverse impact on trading partners, particularly the US.
D. Japan in the 1970s continued to maintain an exceptionally high tariff even after lifting of quantitative restrictions on imports of automobiles.
(1) DBCA (2) DBAC (3) BDCA (4) BDAC
11. A. Instead, one could always help in averting these situations.
B. Often in a religion, people fight with each other on issues that are thoroughly irrational and illogical.
C. If one used scientific reasoning and logic, examined facts and the basis.
D. Much of the rising and blood shed in communal violence can be avoided if the people involved don’t blindly believe the rumours or get swayed by those who preached hatred.
(1) CBAD (2) BDCA (3) DBCA (4) CADB
12. A. With the pressure on resources of development becoming increasingly severe, the issue of tapping the agricultural surplus cannot be put off.
B. But the methods of utilizing these resources more efficiently have not been debated sufficiently
C. The existence of a substantial surplus in this sector is not in doubt.
D. There has been a tendency to concentrate on the possibilities of using an agricultural income tax to tap these resources.
(1) ABCD (2) ACBD (3) CBDA (4) DCBA
13. A. And, at its best such programming represents a creative collaboration between the educational faculty and production teams.
B. Tele-education or telecourses have been beamed in the United States since the early 1950s.
C. Today, televised learning for the distant learner has come to use all the capabilities of the medium to bring a subject alive.
D. The early programmes merely telecast the teacher at a black board, or used the simplest of visual aids.
(1) BCDA (2) BDCA (3) DCBA (4) BDAC
14. A. Yet, paradoxically, there is greater mass discontent in nearly the whole of Latin America, the Caribbean, the Middle East and parts of Asia.
B. Commodity prices have been at levels yielding much better terms of trade than they were before the war.
C. Real income has risen faster than ever before, social services have improved.
D. The decade and a half since the end of the war, has over-all been a good period for the underdeveloped countries.
(1) CADB (2) DCBA (3) DBCA (4) CDBA
DIRECTIONS for questions I5 to 19: Select the correct word/words from the choices that complete the given sentence as your answer. Please note that more than once choice may fit in to make synta ctically correct sentence but select the choice that is logical in the context of the sentence
15. An experienced politician, who knew better than to launch a campaign in troubled political waters, she intended to wait for a more____ occasion before she announced her plans.
(1) propitious (2) provocative
(3) questionable (4) perfect
16. The judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it was not___ to the issue at hand
(1) useful (2) germane (3) manifest (4) inchoate
17. To seek ____ from the ____ summer of the plains many people prefer going to cooler climes during the summer months.
(1) refuge ……. scalding (2) shelter………. boiling
(3) respite……. scorching (4) solace ………..blazing
18. The columnist was almost__________ when he mentioned his friends but he was unpleasant and even ____ when he discussed people who irritated him.
(1) recalcitrant. . . sarcastic (2) reverential……..acrimonious
(3) sensitive ……. remorseful (4) insipid ………… militant
19. Quick-breeding and immune to most pesticides, cockroaches are so _______ that even a professional exterminator may fail to_______ them.
(1) Vulnerable……. Eradicate (2) widespread …….. discern
(3) Fragile ……. destroy (4) hardy ……..eliminate
Directions: for question 20-24: Each pair of CAPITALIZED words given below is followed by four pairs of words Choose the pair which exhibit the relationship similar to that expressed in the capitalized pair
20. ROTATE: GYRATE
(1) Putrefy: Reject (2) Anachronism: Cubism
(3) Accolade: Criticism (4) Absolve: Exonerate
21. TEPEE: RED INDIAN
(1) Tree: Bark (2) Tent: Camping
(3) Igloo: Eskimo (4) House: Man
22. WOOL: ACRYLIC
(I) Minutes: Day (2) Cotton: Polyester
(3) India: Assam (4) Nylon Rayon
23. COMMITMENT: GROW TH
(1) Ingenuity: Invention (2) Gullibility: Experiment
(3) Loquaciousness: Sobriety (4) Taciturnity: Silence
24. FISH: MERMAID
(I) Unicom: Tapestry (2) Horse: Centaur
(3) Pegasus: Fly (4) Cat: Lion
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